Continuous cover forest management (CCF)
WWF supports the application of Continuous Cover Forest Management (CCF, close-to-nature forest management). This way forest manager harvest single trees or small group of trees – which method slightly differs from natural disturbances. Result of CCF method is a more natural forest which produces better quality wood and more resistant to different pests and calamities compared to conventional management, when large felling areas are created. On protected areas CCF is better method from conservational point of view, around settlement it has significant recreational values.
WWF supports the idea that in certain parts of protected areas no logging should occur, only natural processes are to form the landscape. Unmanaged forests (wild areas) are exceptional value not only conservational, but also touristic / recreational point of view. Wild areas can be designated in remote parts of national parks.
Restauration of natural forests
Natural forests can be restaured with the conversion of degraded forests. WWF is involved in different forest restauration projects accross Hungary. Main elements of such projects are the removal of non-native tree species and regeneration of natuve ones. On lowlands forest restaurations are particularly important.
Large carnivores are back
WWF supports the return of large carnivores (lynx, wolf, bear) especially by supporting researches and raising awareness. Large carnivores are important regulators of the forest ecosystems. Without these predators, populations of large herbivors (red deer, roe deer, wild boar) increase, which cause degradation of on the vegetation.
What is our tool-box?
Raising awareness, education
WWF supports raising awareness related to forests and also harmonization of conservation and economical goals with brochures, presentations, field excursions.
WWF takes part in numerous decision-making processes, e.g. the discussion of Forest Law in 2009. If it is necessary, we start campaigns – like Save Csarna Valley (strictly protected and unmanaged forest to be logged) campaign in 2011. We are members of National Forest Council, which is an advisory board of the government.
Field projects can help to restore forests and protect their conservational values in different parts of Hungary.
Projects in forests
Continuous cover forests in Buda Hills (since 2003) – pilot site of continuous cover forest management (selection system) with nature trails. Nature trails can be found inside the borders of Budapest, near to easily accessible touristic points of interest. We cooperate with Pilis Park Forestry, manager of Buda Hills for more than 10 years on raising awareness, related to new forest management methods.
Wildlife research in the Carpathians (2013-2016) – Research on birds, bats and insects of the forests in North Hungarian Mountains, in coopertion with universities, national parks and forest companies. Website
Turjanland (2011-2016) – Restauration of forests and meadows, conservation of natural values of a7300 ha shooting range, in the middle of Great Plain, which is used for military purposes for more than 100 years. Website
Life in Forests (2014-2018) – Renewal and harmonization of forest management methods in Natura 2000 forest in Hungary, in order to protect natural values more effectively.
Large carnivores in forests (2000-2004 than since 2006) – lynx, wolf and bear are native species of Hungary, hunted to extinction, but now returning. WWF supports their research, raise awareness and protest against their illegal hunting.
Former forest related projects
Steppe Oak Woods of Nagykőrös (2006-2011) – restaration and conserve of the largest steppic oak forest of the Great Plain, in cooperation with Danube-Ipoly National Park and the city of Nagykőrös. Website
Liberty Island (2009-2013) – restauration of a willow-poplar softwood forest on a Danube island, near the city of Mohács, South-Transdanubia. Website
Why we believe in what we do?
Forests are ecosystems which developed along several million years, with the cooperation of plants, animals, fungi, microorganisms. Forests provide several services, with of exceptional value. Provide soil, maintain climate and water resourceson a landscape scale. Clean air and water. Timber, meat, fruits, mushrooms are also valueable forest products. It is a place for recreation for many. We all related to forests.
Forest can regenerate, but on a long run human activity can easily degrade them. Also the very first forestry law in Hungary (1791) was developed in order to stop overexploittion and ensure sustainable use of wood. This principle is still valid. However in recent times not only sustainable use of wood is the expectation.
It is clear that the natural processes of the whole ecosystem should be maintained to get healthy and resilient forests. It cannot usually be provided by using conventional forest management (silvicultural) methods. Nor felling areas neither even-aged forest stands support the survival of most of the forest-dwelling plant and animal species. That is why we should replace conventional forest management methods to new ones, and a small part of forests should be set aside as „wild areas”. It is also important to stop non-native plant and animal species, and also to support native ones.